The process of haemopoietic cell homing to the microenvironment includes migration and adhesion. SDF-1 is a C-X-C chemokine that acts as a chemoattractant for haemopoietic progenitors. Adhesion of haemopoietic progenitors to immobilized fibronectin is up-regulated by stimulation with cytokines. We assessed the effects of SDF-1 on cytokine-induced adhesion of progenitor cells to fibronectin. In factor-dependent human MO7e cells and primary CD34+ cord blood cells, treatment with SDF-1 dose-dependently suppressed cytokine-induced adhesion. Pretreatment with pertussis toxin reversed adhesion-inhibition, suggesting that activation of G-coupled proteins are involved in the intracellular signalling of this process. These data suggest that SDF-1 not only acts as a chemoattractant but also participates in modulating adhesiveness of haemopoietic progenitors to extracellular matrix components.