Quality of life in older ages


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Abstract

BackgroundThe quality of life of elderly people has become relevant with the demographic shift that has resulted in greying of population. There are indications that concepts and concerns related to quality of life in older ages are different from the general population.MethodsA narrative review of selected literature.ResultsQuality of life is described often with both objective and subjective dimensions. The majority of the elderly people evaluate their quality of life positively on the basis of social contacts, dependency, health, material circumstances and social comparisons. Adaptation and resilience might play a part in maintaining good quality of life. Although there are no cultural differences in the subjective dimension of quality of life, in the objective dimension such differences exist. Two major factors to be considered with regard to quality of life in old age are dementia and depression.DiscussionWith all other influences controlled, ageing does not influence quality of life negatively; rather a long period of good quality of life is possible. Therefore, the maintenance and improvement quality of life should be included among the goals of clinical management.

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