Recovery of corneal irregular astigmatism, ocular higher-order aberrations, and contrast sensitivity after discontinuation of overnight orthokeratology

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Aims:To examine prospectively the recovery of various parameters after discontinuation of overnight orthokeratology.Methods:Seventeen subjects undergoing orthokeratology for 12 months were examined. Refraction, corneal topography, wavefront aberrometry, a visual acuity test and a contrast sensitivity test were performed at baseline, 12 months after commencement of the procedure, and 1 week and 1 month after discontinuation of the treatment. Asymmetry and higher-order irregularity components were calculated using a Fourier analysis of the corneal topography data. Contrast sensitivity was assessed at four spatial frequencies, and the area under the log contrast sensitivity function (AULCSF) was calculated.Results:Orthokeratology significantly reduced manifest refraction (p<0.0001, Dunnett test) and significantly improved uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) at 12 months after commencement of the procedure (p<0.0001). Asymmetry and higher-order irregularity components increased significantly (p<0.0001, p = 0.0032, respectively), and third- and fourth-order aberrations also increased significantly (p<0.0001). The treatment resulted in significant decreases in AULCSF (p = 0.0004). After discontinuing lens wear, all parameters, such as refraction, UCVA, asymmetry, higher-order irregularity, third-order aberration, fourth-order aberration and AULCSF, returned to the baseline level at 1 week.Conclusion:This study confirmed that the effect of orthokeratology is completely reversible in light of optical quality of the eye and quality of vision as well as refraction and visual acuity.

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