Novel mutation in the choroideremia gene and multi-Mendelian phenotypes in Spanish families

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


AimsWe aimed to accurately diagnose several retinitis pigmentosa (RP) patients with complex ocular phenotypes by combining massive sequencing genetic diagnosis and powerful clinical imaging techniques.MethodsWhole-exome sequencing (WES) of selected patients from two RP families was undertaken. The variants identified were validated by Sanger sequencing and cosegregation analysis. Accurate clinical re-evaluation was performed using electrophysiological and visual field records as well as non-invasive imaging techniques, such as swept-source optical coherence tomography and fundus autofluorescence.ResultsThe WES results highlighted one novel and one reported causative mutations in the X-linked choroideremia gene (CHM), which challenged the initial RP diagnosis. Subsequent clinical re-evaluation confirmed the choroideremia diagnosis. Carrier females showed different degrees of affectation, even between twin sisters, probably due to lyonization. A severe multi-Mendelian phenotype was associated with coincidental dominant pathogenic mutations in two additional genes: PAX6 and PDE6B.ConclusionsGenetic diagnosis via massive sequencing is instrumental in identifying causative mutations in retinal dystrophies and additional genetic variants with an impact on the phenotype. Multi-Mendelian phenotypes previously ascribed to rare syndromes can thus be dissected and molecularly diagnosed. Overall, the combination of powerful genetic diagnosis and clinical non-invasive imaging techniques enables efficient management of patients and their prioritisation for gene-specific therapies.

    loading  Loading Related Articles