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Neuropathic pain is characterized by a poor response to classic analgesics. In the present study, we have assessed the antinociceptive activity of NCX-701 (nitro-paracetamol) in neuropathic rats, after systemic and intrathecal (i.t.) administration. In addition, we analysed the possible benefit of the combination of NCX-701 and gabapentin, a well-known potent analgesic, in the treatment of neuropathic painThe antinociceptive effects of i.v. and i.t. NCX-701 and paracetamol were studied in spinal cord neuronal responses from neuropathic adult male Wistar rats, using the recording of single motor units technique. The effect of i.v. and i.t. NCX-701 in combination with i.v. gabapentin was studied by isobolographic analysis.The experiments showed that NCX-701, but not paracetamol, dose-dependently reduced the nociceptive responses evoked by noxious mechanical and electrical stimulation, after i.v. (ID50 542 ± 5 μmol·kg−1 for noxious mechanical stimulation) or i.t. (ID50 932 ± 16 nmol·kg−1) administration. The combined administration of i.v. or i.t. NCX-701 and i.v. gabapentin induced a more intense antinociceptive effect than any of the two drugs given alone. The isobolographic analysis showed a synergistic effect.NCX-701 is an effective antinociceptive compound in situations of neuropathy-induced sensitization, with an action mainly located in the spinal cord. The combination of NCX-701 and gabapentin induces a synergistic enhancement of the depression of nociceptive responses evoked by natural noxious stimulation. The use of NCX-701 alone or in combination with gabapentin might open up new and promising perspectives in the treatment of neuropathic pain.