The Ionising Radiation (Protection of Persons Undergoing Medical Examination or Treatment) Regulations 1988 (POPUMET) made it compulsory from June 1990 for all staff directing medical exposures to ionising radiation to receive formal tuition at a core knowledge course. This course described the hazards of ionising radiation and the safe use of x-ray equipment. It instructed on the nature of ionising radiation and its interaction with tissues, principles and means of dose reduction to patient and operator, the importance of using the patient's existing radiological information and statutory responsibilities. The POPUMET course was discontinued following the Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposure) Regulations 2000 (IR(ME)R). IR(ME)R training for healthcare professionals is available as a half-day theoretical course suitable for those designated as ‘referrer’ by their employers. Other locally run ionising radiation protection courses are tailored to the varied requirements of a spectrum of healthcare professionals.