Chronic Resveratrol Treatment Ameliorates Cell Adhesion and Mitigates the Inflammatory Phenotype in Senescent Human Fibroblasts

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We evaluated the effect of resveratrol on the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) and on adhesion-related processes in cultured human MRC5 fibroblasts. Presenescent cultures were chronically treated with or without 5 µM resveratrol. The development of SASP in MRC5 fibroblasts approaching senescence was significantly attenuated by resveratrol treatment, which reduced both gene expression and release of proinflammatory cytokines. Although to a lesser extent, 1 µM resveratrol proved to be effective on cytokine gene expression. Cell spreading capacity and plating efficiency were strikingly increased and accompanied by recovery of type I collagen expression to presenescent levels. As p16INK4a protein expression was not significantly modified, and based on our previous data, we propose that resveratrol does not affect fibroblast replicative senescence, but improves tissue maintenance and repair during normal cellular aging. Considering these low concentrations proved effective in vitro, translation of these data to human research on inflammation-related pathologies can be envisaged.

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