Origin of rice protein hydrolysates added to protein-free media alters secretion and extracellular proteolysis of recombinant interferon-γ as well as CHO-320 cell growth

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CHO-320 cells, cultivated in suspension in a protein-free medium supplemented with rice protein hydrolysates (peptones), secrete recombinant interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) that undergo will or will not proteolysis, depending on the origin of the peptones. This proteolytic event, as well as the appearance of an unidentified 70 kDa gelatinase-like protease, are attributed to a cysteine protease. Casein zymographies revealed that one rice protein hydrolysate, but not another, contains a papain-like cysteine protease whose activity is undetectable in solution. This work underlines the significance of the origin of peptones when considered as supplements in serum- and protein-free media for overproduction of recombinant proteins.

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