Outcomes of Transcatheter Approach for Initial Treatment of Pulmonary Atresia with Intact Ventricular Septum

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Abstract

Objective

To review the short and medium term outcome of transcatheter pulmonary valve perforation (PVP) in patients with pulmonary atresia-intact ventricular septum and non-right ventricular dependant coronary circulation (PA/IVS non-RVDCC).

Background

PVP in patients with PA/IVS non-RVDCC has become more common in the past two decades. However, data on outcomes with this strategy are mixed.

Methods

Data were reviewed retrospectively for all patients with PA/IVS non-RVDCC treated from 1996- 2010 at our institution. Patients who had severe neonatal Ebstein malformation, or initial interventional management at another institution were excluded.

Results

PVP was attempted in 30 of 50 patients (60%); 26 (87%) of these had a successful procedure. Twenty-four patients (48%) had surgery without PVP. There were no deaths in the cohort. Complications of PVP included 5 (17%) myocardial perforations. Of those with successful PVP, 10 (38%) did not have surgery (PVP-NS) and 16 (62%) had surgery (PVP-S) prior to discharge. Tricuspid valve (TV)Z-score was larger in the PVP-NS than in PVP-S patients, with median TV diameterZ-scores of +0.7 (−0.9, 1.7) and −1.1 (-2.8, 2), respectively (P= 0.01). Time from PVP to either hospital discharge (PVP-NS group) or surgery (PVP-S group) was significantly different between groups: 15 (7, 22) and 8 days (0, 46), respectively (P= 0.01). There were no differences in the number of trials or lowest arterial PaO2 off prostaglandins between groups. All patients in the PVP-NS group had a biventricular circulation at a median follow-up of 4.3 years.

Conclusions

The results of a collaborative approach to treating neonates with PA/IVS non-RVDCC are excellent. Smaller TV size is associated with greater likelihood of surgery prior to discharge, and may serve as a surrogate for early RV inadequacy.

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