Initial findings using the V8 hourglass-shaped valvuloplasty balloon for postdilatation in treating paravalvular leaks associated with transcatheter self-expanding aortic valve prosthesis

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Abstract

Objectives:

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a novel hourglass-shaped balloon on reduction of paravalvular leak (PVL) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with self-expanding prostheses.

Background:

An important limitation of TAVR compared with surgical aortic valve replacement remains the higher incidence of PVL. A commonly used strategy to treat PVL is balloon postdilatation (BPD); however, the optimal technique for treating PVL after TAVR is unknown.

Methods:

We examined consecutive patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis who underwent TAVR with the Medtronic CoreValve followed by BPD with an InterValve V8 balloon for PVL grade ≥2+. Data from echocardiographic, multidetector computed tomographic, and angiographic images were reviewed. The primary endpoint was successful reduction in PVL to grade 1+ or less as assessed by intraprocedural echocardiography.

Results:

Eleven patients were studied (median age, 82 years; 64% female). Ten patients (91%) demonstrated successful reduction in PVL after V8 BPD. In three patients, PVL was reduced to zero or trace. PVL remained unchanged in one patient (2+). Two patients had complete heart block associated with valve deployment and received permanent pacemakers. There were no occurrences of annular injury or major adverse clinical events.

Conclusions:

BPD with the V8 hourglass-shaped balloon was feasible in reducing PVL from self-expanding TAVR prostheses. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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