Simplified hybrid algorithms for pressure wire interrogation exploiting advantages of a baseline and contrast Pd/Pa ratio indexes to predict stenosis significance: Insight from the SPARE multicenter prospective study

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Abstract

Background

Simplification of functional stenosis assessment with pressure guidewires may facilitate adoption of physiology-guided revascularization. An important step in this regard is the avoidance of hyperemic agents, required for fractional flow reserve (FFR) calculation. We evaluate the merits of a hybrid algorithms that combines the translesional pressure ratio (Pd/Pa) obtained at rest, after contrast medium injection (cFFR) and after adenosine administration (FFR).

Methods and Results

Eighty-six patients with 108 de novo intermediate coronary stenoses were included in this prospective, multicenter study. Using prespecified cut-off values that correctly identified stenosis with a 95% of agreement (<0.89 and >0.96 for Pd/Pa; <0.84 and > 0.87 for cFFR) we tested the efficiency of three different multi-step strategies combining the three indices to classify stenosis severity, using FFR-only measurement as reference. All three different hybrid algorithms (Pd/Pa-FFR; cFFR-FFR; Pd/Pa-cFFR-FFR) have more than 95% of agreement with FFR. Yet, the novel Pd/Pa-cFFR-FFR hybrid strategy demonstrated the best performance, avoiding the need of adenosine and medium contrast in 90% and 48% of cases, respectively.

Conclusions

A hybrid Pd/Pa-cFFR-FFR decision-making algorithm could be an alternative and valuable strategy to increase the adoption of a physiology-guided PCI using conventional pressure guidewires and consoles.

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