Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head and Hip Arthritis in an Adolescent Following an Isolated Fracture of the Greater Trochanter: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



A healthy adolescent sustained an isolated fracture of the greater trochanter after falling from a height. He was treated nonoperatively. After 10 weeks of improvement, the pain recurred, and osteonecrosis of the femoral head was diagnosed. Core decompression and a bone-marrow injection were performed. Transient relief was achieved, followed by deterioration to end-stage hip arthritis.


To our knowledge, 19 other cases of isolated fractures of the greater trochanter in adolescents have been reported since 1905. All high-energy injuries (10 cases) progressed to osteonecrosis, independent of the intervention; none of the low-energy cases progressed to osteonecrosis. We advocate vigilance and early magnetic resonance imaging for these injuries to detect and treat osteonecrosis in its early stages.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles