Arterial Thoracic Outlet Syndrome and Cerebellar Infarction Following a Stress Fracture of the First Rib and Extensive Callus Formation: A Case Report

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Case:Stress fractures of the first rib rarely have been reported in association with sports activities. We report a case of a cerebellar infarction that possibly was associated with arterial thoracic outlet syndrome (aTOS) that developed as a result of extensive callus formation in a young baseball player with a stress fracture of the first rib.Conclusion:According to the literature, almost all cases of stress fracture in the first rib have a relatively good prognosis, and there are only a few reports of TOS occurring as a rare late complication. To our knowledge, there have been no prior reports of cerebellar infarction associated with aTOS following a stress fracture of the first rib.

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