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A 49-year-old man presented with a rapidly growing thigh mass. Histologic analyses demonstrated separate regions that were consistent with a collision tumor composed of a primary leiomyosarcoma and a metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma. After responding to chemotherapy, the patient underwent resection of the tumor and a total thyroidectomy; he was disease-free 9 years after the diagnosis.A wide diagnostic differential and thorough histologic analysis are necessary in patients presenting with neoplasms of the extremities. A leiomyosarcoma may be a hospitable location for metastatic disease, and the presence of a collision tumor should be considered when pathology findings are equivocal.