The novel P2Y12 antagonist ticagrelor inhibits adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation more potently than clopidogrel and reduces the incidence of myocardial infarction and total death in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Furthermore, ticagrelor inhibits adenosine reuptake and increases coronary flow reserve during adenosine infusion in man. We wanted to determine whether ticagrelor improves peripheral arterial function in patients with a previous ACS compared to patients treated with aspirin, clopidogrel, or prasugrel.Methods:
127 patients with a previous ACS (>3 months to <3 years ago) on maintenance dose of (1) no ADP blocker (n = 35); (2) clopidogrel 75 mg (n = 35); (3) prasugrel 10 mg (n = 32), or (4) ticagrelor 90 mg twice daily (n = 25) were evaluated with peripheral arterial tonometry after forearm ischemia.Results:
Ticagrelor improves peripheral arterial function compared to the other groups [(1) controls 1.78 ± 0.53; (2) clopidogrel 1.78 ± 0.45; (3) prasugrel 1.64 ± 0.33, and (4) ticagrelor 2.25 ± 0.54 (means ± SD)] with a significance of p < 0.01 for ticagrelor versus no ADP blocker, p < 0.01 for ticagrelor versus clopidogrel, and p < 0.001 for ticagrelor versus prasugrel. There were fewer patients with endothelial dysfunction (<1.67 reactive hyperemia index) in the ticagrelor group (12%) compared to aspirin (51%), clopidogrel (46%), and prasugrel (53%) (p < 0.01).Conclusion:
Treatment with ticagrelor improves peripheral endothelial function compared to no ADP blocker, clopidogrel, or prasugrel treatment.