A Novel Prehospital Electrocardiogram Score Predicts Myocardial Salvage in Patients with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Evaluated by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance

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We hypothesized that prehopsital ECG scores can identify ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients in whom time delay is particularly important for myocardial salvage.


We evaluated the Anderson-Wilkins (AW) score (which designates the acuteness of ischemia) and grade 3 ischemia (GI3) (which identifies severe ischemia) in the prehospital ECG and compared them to the myocardial salvage index (MSI) assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance.


In 150 patients, system delay (alarm to balloon inflation) (β = -0.304, p < 0.001) and AW score (β = 0.364, p < 0.001) correlated with MSI. AW scores ≥3 (p < 0.001) and GI3 (p = 0.002) predicted the MSI. We formed 4 subgroups combining AW scores (<3 or ≥3) and grades of ischemia (Conclusion:

In patients with STEMI, the novel prehospital salvage score identifies subgroups in which myocardial salvage is particularly time dependent.

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