New Developments in Interventional Oncology: Liver Metastases From Colorectal Cancer

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Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Although hepatic excision is the first-line treatment for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), few patients are candidates. Locoregional therapy (LRT) encompasses minimally invasive techniques practiced by interventional radiology. These include ablative treatments (radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation, and cryosurgical ablation) and transcatheter intra-arterial therapy (hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy, transarterial “bland” embolization, transarterial chemoembolization, and radioembolization with yttrium 90). The National Comprehensive Cancer Network recommends LRT for unresectable CRLM refractory to chemotherapy. The following is a review of LRT in CRLM, including salient features, advantages, limitations, current roles, and future considerations.

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