Improvements in Imaging of Hodgkin Lymphoma: Positron Emission Tomography

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18-Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) is currently the criterion standard of lymphoma imaging and recommended through all stages of Hodgkin lymphoma management. Accurate staging is important for risk stratification and initial choice of therapy and also for the planning of postchemoradiotherapy. 18-Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose PET/CT frequently leads to upstaging and potentially a more intensive treatment. Visual-only assessment of staging and interim scans is being accompanied by quantitative and semiquantitative methods to measure metabolic tumor volume, total lesion glycolysis, and so on. It is still unclear if these methods significantly improve the value of FDG PET/CT by visual assessment only. Because of the good prognostic value of FDG PET/CT, a large number of studies have used interim FDG PET to tailor treatment to the individual patients, according to their early metabolic response rather than according to their pretreatment prognostic features. 18-Fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose PET/CT is standard of care for posttreatment response assessment but has no place in routine follow-up of Hodgkin lymphoma patients in remission.

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