Le probleme de l'obesite: Revue critique des etudes concernant le comportement alimentaire des obeses

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Abstract

Three major hypotheses have been formulated to explain the atypical eating behavior of obese persons: the psychosomatic hypothesis, the hypothesis of hypersensitivity to food cues, and the hypothesis of a deficit in the inhibitory response. This review examines the empirical support available for each of these hypotheses. Systematic analysis of the samples used in these studies showed that 80% (46 of the 57 studies in which sample characteristics are specified) are composed solely of college students. Because of the differences between overweight college students and the general population of obese persons, conclusions based on the former may not be generalizable to the latter. A major priority in obesity research, therefore, should be the testing of the current theoretical models on more varied and more representative samples. (68 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

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