A summary and criticism of Skinner's second theory of learning

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Abstract

Presents a critical review of B. F. Skinner's (1953) Science and Human Behavior. It is claimed that the differences between the views expressed in that book and those in Skinner's (1938) The Behavior of Organisms are sufficient to justify the conclusion that different theories are being advanced. It is also maintained that the main differences between the 1st and 2nd theories are (a) the reduction in the number of theoretical terms in the latter, (b) the increase of the scope of application of the 2nd theory, and (c) the implicit use of a drive-reduction theory of reinforcement. A critical discussion of Skinner's notion of drive and of his position on perception and meaning is also presented. (French abstract) (31 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

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