Role of C9orf140 in the promotion of colorectal cancer progression and mechanisms of its upregulationviaactivation of STAT5, β-catenin and EZH2

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Abstract

C9orf140is a newly identified and characterized gene which is associated with cell proliferation and tumorigenicity. Expression of C9orf140 is upregulated in human gastric cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC); however, little is known about its role in CRC progression. We have investigated the clinical significance, biological effects and mechanisms of C9orf140 signaling. We found that the expression of C9orf140 is dramatically increased in a subset of CRC and correlates significantly with vascular invasion and lymph node metastasis. Our finding showed that knockdown of C9orf140 significantly reduced cell proliferation and invasionin vitroand dramatically increased overall survival and decreased lung metastasisin vivo. Conversely, overexpression of C9orf140 significantly increased lung metastasis and shortened overall survival when compared with control tumors. C9orf140-induced CRC cell invasion may depend on promoting the epithelial–mesenchymal transition progression. STAT5 may directly interact with the enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) and β-catenin to enhanceC9orf140gene transactivation. Furthermore, C9orf140 may participate in cell invasion which is induced by STAT5, EZH2 or β-catenin activation. We describe the role of C9orf140 in CRC progression and find that C9orf140 overexpression may be regulated by STAT5, EZH2 and β-catenin interaction.

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