To study leukocyte activation after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with previous ST elevation myocardial infarction.Methods
Neutrophil and monocyte activation (by flow cytometric assessment of the surface expression of CD11b and CD62L adhesion molecules) was assessed in 39 patients during the subacute period of a previous ST elevation myocardial infarction initially treated with fibrinolytic agents, before and after diagnostic coronary angiography (coronary angiography control phase) as well as before and after stent implantation (percutaneous coronary intervention phase). Simultaneous evaluation of C-reactive protein (C-reactive protein immonoturbidimetry) and plasma cytokine levels (interleukins-1, -6, -10 and tumor necrosis α by immunoassay) was also performed. To track the earliest detectable change in the first few minutes after stent deployment, all measurements were performed before and 60 min after the procedures.Results
CD11b expression increased 1 h after stent deployment in neutrophils (P<0.0001) and monocytes (P<0.0001). A comparable increase, however, was also observed after coronary angiography (neutrophils, P=0.03; monocytes, P=0.01), although the increase of CD11b expression was greater after percutaneous coronary intervention on both neutrophils (90 vs. 40%, P=0.014) and monocytes (65 vs. 33%, P=0.04). CD62L expression decreased significantly after percutaneous coronary intervention (neutrophils, P=0.01; monocytes, P=0.006), but remained unchanged after coronary angiography. Plasma cytokine and C-reactive protein concentrations did not change after the procedures.Conclusion
CD62L appears to be a specific and reliable early cellular biomarker of leukocyte activation after percutaneous coronary intervention, when this procedure is performed in patients with previous ST elevation myocardial infarction. Whether this marker represents also a potential predictor of future events and/or restenosis in this group of patients remains to be defined.