Evaluation of lipoprotein-associated phosholipase A2 and plaque burden/composition in young adults

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Abstract

Objective

The total burden of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis is significant in young adults. Serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an established predictor of morbidity and mortality because of cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the relationship between subclinical coronary atherosclerosis and serum Lp-PLA2 concentrations in a population of young adults.

Patients and methods

A total of 261 individuals younger than 45 years of age who had undergone coronary computed tomography angiography were evaluated. The study group included 101 patients in whom coronary computed tomography angiography detected subclinical coronary atherosclerosis; the control group included 160 sex-matched and age-matched healthy control patients.

Results

Serum Lp-PLA2 levels were increased significantly in the study group patients compared with the control patients (15.42±11.88 vs. 8.06±4.32 ng/ml, P<0.001). Furthermore, a positive correlation was identified between the Lp-PLA2 levels and the total number of plaques and diseased arteries (r=0.495, P<0.001, and r=0.621, P<0.001, respectively). The presence of mixed plaque composition was also correlated with the Lp-PLA2 levels (r=0.657, P<0.001). Multivariate regression analysis identified four independently significant predictors of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis: high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels, tobacco use, uric acid levels, and serum Lp-PLA2 levels.

Conclusion

The presence of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis is associated independently with Lp-PLA2, and it has potential utility as a novel indicator of cardiovascular disease risk in the young adult population.

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