This study aimed to investigate the predictive effect of SYNTAX score II (SS-II) for the 1-year outcome in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing a primary percutaneous coronary intervention and whether SS-II improves the ability of anatomical and Logistic Clinical SYNTAX score and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events to predict major adverse cardiac events (MACE).Background
SS-II can predict 1-year outcomes in patients with complex coronary artery disease. However, the prognostic value of SS-II for patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention remains unclear.Materials and methods
A total of 477 patients were divided into three groups on the basis of SS-II [SS-II low tertile <20 (n=161), 20 ≤SS-II intermediate tertile ≤26 (n=145), and SS-II high tertile >26 (n=171)]. Kaplan–Meier methods were used to compare the MACE at the 1-year follow-up.Results
MACE was highest in the SS-II high tertile (21.1 vs. 10.3 vs. 5.5%, P<0.001), including all-cause mortality (11.7 vs. 4.1 vs. 2.5%, P=0.001), target vessel revascularization (7.6 vs. 4.1 vs. 1.8%, P=0.037), and recurrent MI (5.8 vs. 2.1 vs. 1.2%, P=0.035), compared with SS-II intermediate and low tertiles. In Cox multivariable analysis, SS-II was an independent predictor for MACE at 1 year. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed that SS-II had 60% sensitivity and 78% specificity for predicting 1-year MACE as a cut-off value of 27.5. The respective C-statistics of SS-II, anatomical, and Logistic Clinical SYNTAX score and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events for MACE were 0.726, 0.587, 0.684, and 0.628 (P<0.05).Conclusion
SS-II can predict 1-year clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and has an improved ability to predict MACE.