The influence of metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus on the N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide level and its prognostic performance in patients with coronary artery disease

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Abstract

Objectives

Our aim was to investigate whether the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and diabetes mellitus (DM) influenced the N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level and its prognostic performance in coronary artery disease (CAD).

Patients and methods

The present study enrolled a total of 1638 CAD patients. Multivariate regression analyses were carried out to relate NT-proBNP to metabolic components, nondiabetic MetS, DM, and MetS score. Furthermore, we examined the prognostic performance of NT-proBNP in patients with non-MetS, nondiabetic MetS, and DM.

Results

NT-proBNP levels correlated inversely with BMI (β=−0.11, P=0.003) and correlated positively with fasting glucose (β=0.12, P=0.001). There were no significant relationships of NT-proBNP with other metabolic parameters. Compared with non-MetS, the presence of DM significantly increased NT-proBNP levels (P=0.004), whereas nondiabetic MetS did not influence NT-proBNP levels (P=0.954). During the median follow-up of 21 months, 109 all-cause deaths occurred. NT-proBNP levels independently predicted all-cause deaths irrespective of the presence of nondiabetic MetS and DM (Pinteraction=0.43).

Conclusion

DM, but not nondiabetic MetS, is associated with higher NT-proBNP levels. NT-proBNP can still predict death in patients with CAD, even with the confounding effect of MetS and diabetes.

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