Left ventricular ejection fraction and mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and bundle branch block

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Abstract

Background

The aim of our study is to assess the effect of bundle branch block (BBB) on mortality and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients treated in the current era of percutaneous reperfusion therapy.

Patients and methods

In this retrospective cohort study, a total of 1123 STEMI patients treated in the University Medical Center Groningen from January 2011 until May 2013 were included. The follow-up duration was 2–4 years. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed within 2 weeks after STEMI.

Results

In total, 23 (2.0%) patients presented with left BBB and 49 (4.4%) patients presented with right BBB. Two-year mortality after STEMI was 25.0% (n=18) in patients with BBB and 9.2% (n=97, P<0.001) in patients without BBB. Patients with BBB had more frequently a severely reduced LVEF (<30%) [20.0% (n=6) compared with 4.2% (n=21), P=0.002] and less frequently a normal LVEF [16.7% (n=5) compared with 35.7% (n=179), P=0.046]. After multivariable analysis, BBB did not remain an independent predictor of mortality, but was an independent predictor of reduced LVEF.

Conclusion

The presence of a BBB was an independent predictor of a reduced LVEF. However, we found no effect of BBB on 2-year mortality in the current era of percutaneous reperfusion therapy.

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