Cryptogenic Stroke with a Patent Foramen Ovale:: Medical Therapy, Percutaneous Intervention, or Surgery


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Abstract

More than one third of ischemic strokes have an unidentifiable cause. Patent foramen ovale (PFO) plays a controversial role in this subset of patients. The evidence for and against the hypothesis of paradoxical embolism is reviewed and we discuss the optimal management of a PFO under different circumstances. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12693 (J Card Surg 2016;31:156–160)

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