Restoration of Tricuspid Valve Mechanism at the Level of Displaced Septal and Posterior Leaflets in Ebstein's Anomaly


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Abstract

BackgroundSurgical techniques currently used for the repair of Ebstein's anomaly comprise reconstruction of the tricuspid valve mechanism at the level of the true annulus with or without plication of the atrialized right ventricle. However, performing this procedure for patients with a dysmorphic anterior leaflet (i.e., insufficient leaflet tissue and decreased mobility due to tethering) may necessitate technical modifications.MethodsA retrospective review was performed of 31 patients (seven males and 24 females, median age at operation 31 years) with Ebstein's anomaly, who underwent tricuspid valve repair between March 2002 and December 2014. The original Hetzer technique (annulus to annulus approximation) was employed for six patients with a well-formed anterior leaflet. In 25 patients, the tricuspid valve mechanism was restored at the displaced septal leaflet by approximating the anterior leaflet attachment in the true annulus to the displaced septal leaflet attachment in the mid-septum. A bidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis was added in 27 of 31 (87%) patients.ResultsNo early or late death occurred during the median follow-up of 66 months (1–138 months). Immediate postoperative tricuspid regurgitation was trivial to mild in 22 patients, and the median preoperative, immediate postoperative, and last follow-up tricuspid regurgitation jet areas in 21 adult patients were 23.3 cm2, 10.4 cm2, and 7.0 cm2, respectively. Two patients underwent reoperation at 81 and 119 months postoperatively. Five-year freedom from severe tricuspid regurgitation or reoperation was 93.2%.ConclusionRestoration of the tricuspid valve mechanism at the level of displaced septal leaflet leads to excellent long-term outcomes. The addition of the bidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis has contributed to the success of this technique. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12689 (J Card Surg 2016;31:168–173)

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