Rest-redistribution 201-Thallium single photon emission computed tomography predicts myocardial infarction and cardiac death in patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction

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The prognostic role of rest-redistribution 201-Thallium imaging has not been extensively investigated in patients with left ventricular ischemic dysfunction.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of rest-redistribution 201-Thallium single photon emission computed tomography to predict cardiac death and occurrence of acute myocardial infarction in patients with ischemic mild-to-moderate left ventricular dysfunction.MethodsOne-hundred and twenty-six patients with chronic coronary artery disease and mean left ventricular ejection fraction 39 ± 11% were followed-up for 30 ± 17 months after a rest-redistribution 201-Thallium imaging single photon emission computed tomography. Cardiac death and acute myocardial infarction were considered as major cardiac events.ResultsDuring the follow up, 11 (9%) cardiac deaths and 9 (7%) acute myocardial infarctions occurred. The only variable showing significant difference between patients with and without events was the number of severe irreversible defects (1.7 ± 1.9 versus 0.9 ± 1.2, respectively; P = 0.02). By Kaplan–Meier analysis, the presence of three or less, or more than three severe defects was selected as the best cutoff to identify patients with longer event-free survival from cardiac death or acute myocardial infarction (log rank 19.84; P < 0.0001). When only cardiac death was considered as clinical event, the presence of at least two severe defects best separated patients who died from those who survived (log rank 8.68; P = 0.0032).ConclusionRest-redistribution 201-Thallium single photon emission computed tomography provides prognostic information in coronary patients with mild-to-moderate left ventricular dysfunction. The number of severe irreversible defects per patient is a powerful predictor of prognosis.

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