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This study examined the long-term effects of CGS 30440 on blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac hypertrophy, and urinary parameters in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Initial studies with CGS 30440 produced dose-related reductions in mean arterial pressure, with a dose of 30 mg/kg/day of CGS 30440 producing a maximal sustained response of 40 mm Hg. CGS 30440 significantly inhibited plasma angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity by 82% in WKY rats. In SHRs, lung ACE and renal neutral endopeptidase (NEP) were inhibited by >60 and >90%, respectively. Urinary cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) excretion was significantly increased by CGS 30440 in SHRs but was unaltered in WKY rats. One hour after the final dose of an 8-week regimen, blood pressure was 122 ± 4 and 189 ± 5 mm Hg in CGS 30440-treated (30 mg/kg/day) and vehicle-treated SHRs, respectively. Heart-rate responses were not different between treatment groups. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LV weight/body weight ratio) was reduced significantly in SHRs to 2.45 ± 0.08 mg/g at 10 mg/kg/day and 2.26 ± 0.07 mg/g at 30 mg/kg/day versus 2.91 ± 0.09 mg/g in rats receiving only vehicle. These results demonstrate that CGS 30440 is a potent, orally active antihypertensive agent with a long duration of action. The cardiac hypertrophy of established hypertension in the SHRs was attenuated by CGS 30440. Thus CGS 30440, an orally active prodrug, has been shown to be a novel antihypertensive agent with dual ACE/NEP inhibitory activity in SHRs.