Preliminary Study to Establish a Relationship between Tactile Sensation and Surface Roughness

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


This study evaluated the ability of tactile sensations to distinguish roughness. Five examiners experienced in visual examination participated. Tactile sensation was assessed by 3 standard references, the average roughnesses 0.49, 0.92 and 1.54 μm. The examiners evaluated the roughness using 2 different ends of sharp explorers (TU 17 SE and 23 SE), each with 2 different handles (Standard Handle and No. 6 Handle-Satin Steel), and 1 WHO probe using a 5-point response score. The examiners performed 3 evaluations to establish repeatability. Using the 23 SE explorer with the steel handle was the best option to distinguish between 3 roughnesses (p < 0.05). The intraexaminer intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were between 0.90 and 0.98, but the interexaminer ICC were only between 0 and 0.04, indicating that, although trained examiners could repeat their own scores, they were not consistent with each other in grading roughness.

    loading  Loading Related Articles