Sodium Trimetaphosphate as a Novel Strategy for Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibition and Dentin Remineralization

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


The effect of sodium trimetaphosphate (STMP) as an antiproteolytic and remineralizing agent on demineralized dentin was evaluated in vitro. The inhibitory potential of STMP at 0.5, 1.5, 3.5, and 5% against recombinant matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) MMPs-2 and -9 was assessed by zymography. To investigate its remineralization potential, 40 bovine root specimens were obtained and subjected to a demineralization protocol to produce caries-like dentin lesions. After that, dentin surfaces were divided into 3 areas: (1) mineralized (no treatment); (2) demineralized; and (3) demineralized/treated with STMP and submitted to a pH-cycling associated or not with STMP (1.5, 3.5, or 5% STMP, 10 min of treatment). After that, superficial hardness (SH) and cross-sectional hardness (CSH) were determined. Polarized light microscopy (PLM) was used to qualitatively evaluate mineralization within the caries-like lesions. The zymographic analysis showed that STMP solution is a potent inhibitor of the gelatinolytic activity of MMPs-2 and -9 depending on the dose, since the lowest concentration (0.5%) partially inhibited the enzyme activity, while the higher concentrations completely inhibited enzyme activity. Regarding remineralization effect, only 1.5% STMP solution enhanced both the SH and CSH. PLM showed that the area treated with 1.5% STMP presented similar birefringence as mineralized sound dentin. In conclusion, 1.5% STMP solution is effective as an antiproteolytic agent against MMPs and promotes dentin remineralization.

    loading  Loading Related Articles