Anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor effects of TAK-593, a potent and selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase

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We recently reported that TAK-593, a novel imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine derivative, is a highly potent and selective inhibitor of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor tyrosine kinase families. Moreover, TAK-593 exhibits a uniquely long-acting inhibitory profile towards VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and PDGF receptor β (PDGFRβ). In this study, we demonstrated that TAK-593 potently inhibits VEGF- and PDGF-stimulated cellular phosphorylation and proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells and human coronary artery smooth muscle cells. TAK-593 also potently inhibits VEGF-induced tube formation of endothelial cells co-cultured with fibroblasts. Oral administration of TAK-593 exhibited strong anti-tumor effects against various human cancer xenografts along with good tolerability despite a low level of plasma exposure. Even after the blood and tissue concentrations of TAK-593 decreased below the detectable limit, a pharmacodynamic marker (phospho VEGFR2) was almost completely suppressed, indicating that its long duration of enzyme inhibition might contribute to the potent activity of TAK-593. Immunohistochemical staining indicated that TAK-593 showed anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects on tumors along with a decrease of vessel density and inhibition of pericyte recruitment to microvesselsin vivo. Furthermore, dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging revealed that TAK-593 reduced tumor vessel permeability prior to the onset of anti-tumor activity. In conclusion, TAK-593 is an extremely potent VEGFR/PDGFR kinase inhibitor whose potent anti-angiogenic activity suggests therapeutic potential for the treatment of solid tumors.

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