Telomelysin shows potent antitumor activity through apoptotic and non-apoptotic cell death in soft tissue sarcoma cells

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Abstract

This study investigated the pathway underlying the antitumor activity of telomelysin, a telomerase-dependent, replication-selective oncolytic adenovirus, in soft tissue sarcoma cells. Treatment with telomelysin alone resulted in simultaneous induction of apoptosis and autophagy, whereas cotreatment with telomelysin and 3-methyladenine significantly reduced cell viability and increased apoptosis and the cellular ATP level compared to treatment with telomelysin alone, indicating that telomelysin-mediated autophagy is a death-protective but not death-promoting process. Cotreatment with Z-Val-Ala-Asp-CH2F significantly increased cellular ATP depletion compared to telomelysin-alone treatment while inhibiting telomelysin-induced apoptosis and having no significant effect on cell viability, indicating that it promotes transition from apoptotic to necrotic cell death.

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