Obstetrical Outcome of Young Women with a Past History of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis

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Abstract

Background:

This study was designed to review the obstetrical outcome of a consecutive series of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) affecting fertile women over a long period of time.

Methods:

From a computerized database of four hospitals of a French region (Poitou-Charentes), we selected patients admitted to hospital for CVT between January 1995 and February 2012. All the case notes were re-examined by two neurologists to confirm the initial diagnosis of CVT. The criterion of inclusion in our study was the occurrence of CVT in a woman ≤40 years of age. All the patients were recontacted by telephone in September 2012 and could be seen in an outpatient clinic. The data of interest were: occurrence of subsequent pregnancies, outcome of these pregnancies, their possible complications, their management with respect to preventive medication, details on the birth and the neonate.

Results:

Out of 190 consecutive patients hospitalized for CVT, 62 women aged ≤40 years were included (mean age 27.2 ± 6.7 years at the time of their cerebrovascular event). The mean duration of follow-up was 89.5 ± 60.6 months (median: 76 months). There were 45 pregnancies in 24 of the women. Among these 45 pregnancies, 1 was in progress, 24 were completed resulting in normal children, whereas 20 were terminated (5 voluntary abortions, 14 miscarriages and 1 medical abortion). During the pregnancies recorded, there was one recurrence of CVT and no extra-CVT. Various management strategies were adopted, depending on the identified cause(s) for CVT and the medical history of the patient.

Conclusions:

Our study confirms that the occurrence of a CVT in young women is not a contraindication for subsequent pregnancy. However, it points to a high incidence of miscarriage. Apart from this fact, there is no increase in materno-fetal complications during pregnancy and childbirth, and the neonates are healthy. The risk of recurrence of a CVT or extra-CVT during subsequent pregnancy is low but most of patients were on preventive antithrombotic medication.

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