Onset to Reperfusion Time Was Not Important in Mechanical Thrombectomy for Elderly Patients: A Retrospective Multicenter Study in Tama Area, Tokyo

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) has become the standard of care for acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion; however, evidence remains insufficient for MT for elderly patients, especially with respect to factors affecting their outcomes. Methods: This study was a retrospective analysis of a multicenter registry of MT, called Tama Registry of Acute Endovascular Thrombectomy. Patients were divided by their age into 2 groups: Nonelderly (NE; < 80) and elderly (E; ≥80). Factors related to a good outcome (modified Rankin scale score ≤2) were examined in each group. Onset to reperfusion time (OTR) was stratified into 4 categories: category 1, 0 – ≤180 min; category 2, > 180 – ≤360 min; category 3, > 360 min or onset time not identified; and category 4, effective recanalization not achievable. Results: 143 NE patients and 78 E patients were included in this study. The E group had less chance of achieving a good outcome (NE group 51%, E group 35%; p = 0.024). In the NE group, lower OTR category was an independent prognostic factor for good outcome (p = 0.037, OR = 1.09). However, in the E group, OTR category was not a significant predictor on multivariate analysis. Instead, effective recanalization (p = 0.0081, OR 1.40) and lower National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score at presentation (p = 0.0032, OR 1.02) were the independent predictors. Conclusions: In MT for elderly patients, effective recanalization improved the patients’ outcome but OTR affected less. Further studies are warranted to establish the appropriate patient selection and treatment strategies.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles