Borderline ER-Positive Primary Breast Cancer Gains No Significant Survival Benefit From Endocrine Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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Abstract

Endocrine responsiveness of primary breast cancers with borderline estrogen receptor expression (ER+ [1%-9%]) remains unclear. We aimed at investigating differences in endocrine responsiveness, prognosis, and clinicopathological characteristics between the ER+ (1%-9%) cohort and the ER− cohort or ER+ (≥10%) cohort. Eligible literature published from inception to November 20, 2016 was retrieved from the PubMed database on the basis of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Data on survival outcomes were extracted and pooled odds ratios (ORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and 2-tailed P values are reported. P values of the χ2 test for comparison of clinicopathological characteristics among included patients in the ER+ (1%-9%) cohort and the other 2 cohorts were calculated respectively. The analysis included 6 studies with 16,606 patients. Significant differences were detected between the ER+ (1%-9%) cohort and the other 2 cohorts on the basis of clinicopathological characteristics respectively. When taking all of the patients into analysis without consideration of treatment modality, the ER+ (1%-9%) cohort presented better prognosis than the ER− group in terms of 5-year disease-free survival (OR, 1.47; P = .046) and 5-year overall survival (OR, 1.23; P = .046). However, patients with ER+ (1%-9%) breast cancer who received endocrine therapy seemed to have a prognosis similar to those without any endocrine therapy (P = .684) and those with ER− carcinoma who received endocrine therapy (P = .145). Patients with ER+ (≥10%) tumors had better endocrine responsiveness compared with their ER+ (1%-9%) counterparts (OR, 0.52; P = .034, ER+ [1%-9%] vs. ER+ [≥10%]). Our results indicate that primary breast cancer patients with ER+ (1%-9%) expression gained no significant survival benefit from endocrine therapy, but manifested overall better prognosis than those with ER− cancer.

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