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The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the ACOSOG Z0011 trial results 5 years after its publication. More than 300 patients treated over 1 year were examined. Only 8% of patients who were sentinel node-positive who met Z0011 criteria underwent axillary lymph node dissection, indicating incorporation of the trial into our institution's practice.After publication of American College of Surgeons Oncology Group (ACOSOG) Z0011, surgeons at our institution limited axillary surgery to sentinel lymph node dissection (SLND) in 76% of patients meeting trial eligibility criteria. Our study objective was to assess incorporation of the trial data into practice 5 years later.Patients with clinical T1-2, N0 invasive breast cancer undergoing breast conserving surgery were included. Comparisons were made between patients who underwent axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) and those that had no further surgery.A total of 396 patients were included. Twelve percent (48/396) had positive SLNs; ALND was performed in 8% (4/48). Patients who underwent ALND were more likely to have 2 positive SLNs (50%, 2/4 vs. 2%, 1/44; P = .02) and microscopic extranodal extension (75%, 3/4 vs. 18%, 8/44; P = .03) than those that did not undergo ALND. Patients who underwent ALND also had a higher nomogram-predicted probability of having additional positive non-SLNs (53%) than those who had SLND alone (22%) (P = .0002). No patients had intraoperative assessment of SLNs performed.The practice of omitting ALND in ACOSOG Z0011-eligible patients has expanded over 5 years. Clinicopathologic features continue to impact this decision. Intraoperative SLN assessment is no longer performed.