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The transcript levels of miR-29b, which has been claimed to be involved in breast cancer molecular pathology, were evaluated with regard to their clinical utility by analyzing miR-29b expression in 177 breast tissue samples of either benign or malignant characterization. Our data showed that miR-29b might constitute a promising prognostic marker for invasive ductal carcinoma.Aberrations in microRNA levels seem to provide valuable information regarding breast cancer prognosis and therapy. In this study, we sought to analyze miR-29b expression in breast tumors and thus explore its clinical value.One hundred twenty-one malignant and 56 benign breast tissue specimens were collected and subjected to extraction of total RNA, which was polyadenylated and reverse transcribed to cDNA. Subsequently, a highly sensitive quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction protocol was developed and miR-29b levels, estimated via the comparative CT method, were finally subjected to comprehensive statistical analysis.MiR-29b levels did not differ between the analyzed benign and malignant breast tissue specimens, but were found to be significantly (P = .010) decreased in invasive ductal adenocarcinomas compared with their lobular counterparts, albeit receiver operating characteristics curve analysis did not verify the latter correlation. Additionally, miR-29b expression was elevated in samples with positive estrogen receptor status (P = .021) in the overall population, whereas it was negatively correlated (P = .035) with primary tumor staging in the ductal subset and increased in poorly-differentiated tumors of lobular origin (P = .041). Furthermore, Kaplan–Meier and Cox regression analyses showed that patients with ductal carcinoma and elevated miR-29b levels had a significantly longer disease-free survival (P = .010) and a lower risk to relapse (hazard ratio = 0.35, 95% confidence interval, 0.15-0.81; P = .014).Our results provide evidence that miR-29b levels constitute a promising biomarker of favorable prognosis for patients with invasive ductal breast carcinoma and imply that its expression status might be affected by the histological origin of breast malignancy.