The aim was to investigate whether first trimester glycodelin and angiopoietin-2 can predict small-for-gestational age (SGA) at delivery, individually or in combination.Methods:
In this case-control study we measured glycodelin and angiopoietin-2 on serum from 170 singleton pregnant women delivering SGA neonates and 985 singleton pregnant women delivering normal-weighted neonates. All values were converted to multiples of the medians (MoM).Results:
Pregnant women delivering SGA neonates had lower first trimester glycodelin and angiopoietin-2 MoM values [median (interquartile range)] compared with pregnant women delivering normal-weighted neonates for glycodelin: 0.86 (0.58-1.24) vs. 1.03 (0.74-1.45), p<0.001, and for angiopoietin-2: 0.89 (0.69-1.19) vs. 1.01 (0.78-1.31), p<0.001. The prediction performances of the biomarkers showed that the areas under the curve (AUC) were 0.59 (glycodelin), 0.58 (angiopoietin-2), and 0.60 (glycodelin and angiopoietin-2).Conclusions:
We demonstrated that first trimester glycodelin and angiopoietin-2 were associated with SGA, but they were, individually and in combination, poor predictors of SGA at delivery. The AUCs were low which indicate low detection rates and high false positive rates.