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Recent studies have suggested that omentin-1 plays a critical role in the development of cardiovascular disease. However, reported findings are inconsistent, and no study has evaluated the association between omentin-1 levels and a poor functional outcome after ischemic stroke onset.A total of 266 acute ischemic stroke patients were included in this study. All patients were prospectively followed up for 3 months after acute ischemic stroke onset and a poor functional outcome was defined as a major disability or death occurring during the follow-up period. A multivariable logistic model was used to evaluate the association between serum omentin-1 levels and the functional outcome of ischemic stroke patients at 3 months.Ischemic stroke patients with poor functional outcome had significantly lower levels of serum omentin-1 than patients without poor functional outcome at the 3-month follow-up (50.2 [40.2-59.8] vs. 58.3 [44.9-69.6] ng/mL, p<0.01). Subjects in the highest tertile of serum omentin-1 levels had a 0.38-fold risk of having poor functional outcome, compared with those in the lowest tertile (p<0.05). A negative association between omentin-1 levels and poor functional outcome was found (p for trend=0.02). The net reclassification index was significantly improved in predicting poor functional outcome when omentin-1 data was added to the multivariable logistic regression model.Higher omentin-1 levels at baseline were negatively associated with poor functional outcome among ischemic stroke patients. Omentin-1 may represent a biomarker for predicting poor functional outcome of acute ischemic stroke patients.