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β1-Adrenoreceptor (ADRB1) genetic polymorphisms are widely studied for susceptibility to many cardiovascular diseases such as essential hypertension. However, the mRNA expression of ADRB1 is rarely studied.A case-control pilot study with 292 hypertensives and 324 controls was designed to evaluate the role of the Ser49Gly and Arg389Gly, which are commonly studied single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), in the mRNA levels of ADRB1, in conjunction with its genetic predisposition to essential hypertension.Differential expression of ADRB1 mRNA was seen between hypertensives and controls (p<0.01) based on genetic variants of Ser49Gly. Among hypertensive subjects, Ser49Ser and Gly49Gly were highly expressed in comparison to Ser49Gly (p<0.05 and p<0.01, respectively), whereas genetic variants of Arg389Gly did not demonstrate any such variations. We found no association between the ADRB1 SNPs viz., Ser49Gly and Arg389Gly and essential hypertension.The increased mRNA levels of Gly49Gly may indicate a plausible role in the interindividual variations in drug response. Further, ADRB1 polymorphisms did not contribute to the genetic risk of essential hypertension. Studies with larger sample size are warranted to confirm these observations in the South Indian population.