To investigate the contribution of neutrophil activation as innate immune cells during septic shock–induced disseminated intravascular coagulation.Design:
One University Hospital ICU.Participants:
Hundred patients with septic shock. Thirty-five patients had disseminated intravascular coagulation according to Japanese Association for Acute Medicine 2006 score.Intervention:
None.Measurements and Main Results:
Neutrophil chromatin decondensation was assessed by measuring neutrophil fluorescence (NEUT-side-fluorescence light) labeled by a fluorochrome-based polymethine reagent using a routine automated flow cytometer Sysmex XN20 (Sysmex, Kobe, Japan) and neutrophil-derived CD66b microparticles by prothrombinase assay. Measurements in disseminated intravascular coagulation and no disseminated intravascular coagulation patients showed that a mean value of NEUT-side-fluorescence light above 57.3 arbitrary units had a sensitivity of 90.91% and a specificity of 80.60% for disseminated intravascular coagulation diagnosis. NEUT-side-fluorescence light was correlated to the CD66b microparticles/neutrophil count, a surrogate of neutrophil activation associated with septic shock–induced disseminated intravascular coagulation.Conclusion:
NEUT-side-fluorescence light, routinely available, could prove an accurate biomarker of neutrophil activation.