Imaging of the Sternoclavicular Joint: A Multimodality Review of Anatomy and Pathology, Part I

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The sternoclavicular joint is a unique, diarthrodial saddle synovial joint and is the only connection of the upper extremity to the axial skeleton.1 Despite many mechanical stresses, injuries of the sternoclavicular joint are relatively rare. As a synovial joint, it is prone to the usual spectrum of inflammatory, degenerative, and infectious arthritides; it also is prone to traumatic dislocation due to its superficial location. In this article, the anatomy, imaging appearance, and clinical presentation of various pathologies of the sternoclavicular joint are reviewed.

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