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The human herpes group is composed of DNA viruses that belong to eight closely related subgroups and are responsible for common diseases, including herpes simplex mucosal lesions, varicella, and mononucleosis. Their intrathoracic manifestations rarely are considered; however, the eight viruses are linked to well-defined diseases with intrathoracic symptomatology and radiologic manifestations. Despite their molecular symmetry, herpes viruses incite different diseases dependent on the host's age, immune status, and clinical circumstance. This article discusses the host demographics that warrant consideration of intrathoracic herpes infection, the clinical features, and the imaging findings of the enumerated eight herpes viruses.