Teduglutide: A Guide to Its Use in Short Bowel Syndrome

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Abstract

Teduglutide (Gattex®) is a recombinant analogue of human glucagon-like peptide-2 and is indicated for the treatment of adults with short bowel syndrome (SBS) dependent on parenteral support (PS). In a pivotal, 24-week clinical trial in SBS patients, subcutaneous teduglutide 0.05 mg/kg once daily increased absorption from the remnant intestine as evidenced by significant reductions in PS volume requirements versus placebo. Improvements attained in absorption in the first 6 months of therapy were maintained during the extension trial (total teduglutide treatment periods of up to 30 months), with evidence indicating that benefits accrue over time. Among patients who received teduglutide treatment for up to 30 months, 11 of 30 were able to achieve at least one additional day off PS and another ten achieved complete independence from PS. Subcutaneous teduglutide was generally well tolerated in clinical trials, including over the long term, with most adverse events that led to study discontinuation being gastrointestinal in origin.

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