Urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract is a rare genitourinary malignancy. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the significance of the preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in 137 patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUTUC). We found that the preoperative NLR could be an independent predictive marker. This finding is useful in clinical practice.Background:
To predict the prognosis, we evaluated the significance of the preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUTUC).Patients and Methods:
A cohort of 137 patients diagnosed with UUTUC from 1994 to 2008 at Tokyo Metropolitan Tama Medical Center was enrolled in this retrospective study. Log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used for univariate and multivariate analyses.Results:
On univariate analysis, pathologic T stage, grade, lymphovascular invasion, C-reactive protein (CRP) level, and NLR were significantly associated with recurrence-free survival (RFS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS). The RFS rates for an NLR < 2.5 and for one ≥ 2.5 at 5 years were 74.3% and 30.4%, respectively. The CSS rates for an NLR < 2.5 and for one ≥ 2.5 at 5 years were 81.3% and 29.4%, respectively. The multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models showed that the NLR could be an independent predictor for RFS and CSS. Based on the results of multivariate analysis, the scoring model was developed. RFS and CSS rates at 5 years were as follows: 0 risk factor, 97.1% and 97.0%, respectively; 1 risk factor, 91.1% and 90.9%, respectively; 2 risk factors, 39.5% and 58.6%, respectively; 3 risk factors, 26.6% and 28.6%, respectively; and 4 risk factors, 6.0% and 5.6%, respectively.Conclusions:
The preoperative NLR is an independent prognostic predictor. The model based on the NLR and pathologic factors can be useful in clinical practice.