Abiraterone (AA) and enzalutamide (ENZA) are increasingly being used in chemotherapy-naive patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer owing to efficacy and favorable toxicity. However, the order in which they should be administered has not been determined.Patients and Methods
We retrospectively reviewed the records of chemotherapy-naive patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who had received sequential treatment with either AA followed by ENZA (AA-ENZA) or the converse (ENZA-AA). Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response rates (defined as ≥ 50% PSA decline from baseline), first-line progression-free survival (PFS), second-line PFS, combined PFS (defined as first-line PFS plus second-line PFS), and overall survival are compared between the 2 sequence groups.Results
A total of 97 patients received sequential treatment with AA and ENZA; 50 patients were in the AA-ENZA group, and 47 patients were in the ENZA-AA group. The PSA response rate to first-line treatment was not significantly different between AA (48%) and ENZA (51%) (P = .840). However, a significant difference was observed in the PSA response rate to second-line treatment (AA, 6.4% vs. ENZA, 30%; P = .004). The median combined PFS was not significantly different between sequence groups (hazard ratio, 0.71; 95% confidence interval, 0.46-1.08; log-rank P = .105). The order of addition also had no significant effect on median overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.98; 95% confidence interval, 0.64-1.52; log-rank P = .834).Conclusion
With the exception of the second-line PSA response, there was no significant difference in clinical outcomes between the AA-ENZA and ENZA-AA groups. Our results might be useful reference in daily practice, especially for patients who do not have a suitable general condition for chemotherapy.Micro-Abstract
The retrospective analysis was conducted to compare the clinical outcomes between abiraterone (AA) followed by enzalutamide (ENZA) (AA-ENZA) and the converse (ENZA-AA) sequential treatment in chemotherapy-naive patients with metatstatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. With the exception of the second line prostate-specific antigen response, there was no significant difference in clinical outcomes including combined progression-free survival and overall survival between the AA-ENZA and ENZA-AA groups.