Phase I Trial of the Combination of Docetaxel, Prednisone, and Pasireotide in Metastatic Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer

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Abstract

The safety and efficacy of the additional use of the novel agent pasireotide with the standard regimen of docetaxel and prednisone was explored in patients with metastatic prostate cancer. The results showed tolerability and preliminary efficacy. The combination is worthy of future investigation in patients with metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer with neuroendocrine features.

Background:

Pasireotide (SOM230; Novartis Inc, Basel, Switzerland) is a multitargeted somatostatin receptor analogue likely to treat the neuroendocrine, and docetaxel resistant components within metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). This phase I trial tested the combination of pasireotide, docetaxel, and prednisone in pretreated mCRPC.

Patients and Methods:

Chemotherapy naive mCRPC patients received docetaxel 75 mg/m2 intravenously every 21 days and pasireotide intramuscularly every 28 days at escalating dose levels of 40, 60, and 80 mg. Maximum tolerated dose and recommended phase II dose (RP2D) were assessed.

Results:

Eighteen patients were enrolled with a median age of 65 (range, 49-75) years, and pretherapy prostate-specific antigen of 259.9 ng/mL. The dose-limiting toxicities were Grade 4 hyperglycemia unresponsive to therapy and Grade 4 neutropenia lasting for > 7 days in 1 patient each occurring at the 80-mg dose level of pasireotide. The RP2D was determined at 60 mg every 28 days. Four patients at the 60 mg dose had Grade 3 or 4 hyperglycemia, which responded adequately to therapy. Median time to progression and survival were 7.2 and 18.3 months, respectively. Three of 6 patients with circulating tumor cells ≥5 converted to circulating tumor cells < 5 post therapy. The insulin like growth factor-1 levels revealed a median 51% decrease after therapy. The neuron-specific enolase and chromogranin did not show any marked change.

Conclusion:

The addition of pasireotide to docetaxel and prednisone is clinically feasible at a dose level of 60 mg every 28 days. The combination showed potential for clinical efficacy but needs to be compared with the standard docetaxel and prednisone regimen.

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