Proteomic Analyses of Kv2.1 Channel Phosphorylation Sites Determining Cell Background Specific Differences in Function

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Abstract

The Kv2.1 potassium channel plays an important role in regulating membrane excitability and is highly phosphorylated in mammalian neurons. Our previous results showed that variable phosphorylation of Kv2.1 at multiple sites allows graded activity-dependent regulation of channel gating. Our previous studies also found functional differences between recombinant Kv2.1 channels expressed in HEK293 cells and COS-1 cells that were eliminated upon complete dephosphorylation of Kv2.1. To better understand how phosphorylation affects Kv2.1 gating in HEK293 and COS-1 cells we used stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) and mass spectrometry to determine the level of phosphorylation at one newly and thirteen previously identified sites on Kv2.1 purified from HEK293 and COS-1 cells. We identified seven phosphorylation sites on the Kv2.1 C-terminus that exhibit different levels of phosphorylation in HEK293 and COS-1 cells. Six sites have enhanced phosphorylation in HEK293 compared to COS-1, while one site exhibits enhanced phosphorylation in COS-1 cells. No sites were found phosphorylated in one cell type and not the other. Interestingly, the sites exhibiting differential phosphorylation in HEK293 and COS-1 cells under basal conditions are similar to the subset targeted by calcineurin-mediated signaling pathways. The data presented here suggests that differential phosphorylation at a specific subset of sites, as opposed to utilization of novel cell-specific phosphorylation sites, can explain differences in the gating properties of Kv2.1 in different cell types under basal conditions, and in the same cell type under basal versus stimulated conditions.

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